The ongoing coronavirus pandemic is wreaking havoc on the global travel industry, upending millions of travelers’ lives, and threatening countless livelihoods in the process.
It’s likely the pandemic will affect many travelers, either directly or indirectly. Because this is a fluid situation that changes by the day, bookmark this list to refer to frequently so you can get new information as it becomes available. The list includes:
- A running tally of countries and regions with coronavirus travel restrictions
- Guidelines for determining when to cancel planned travel and how to get a refund or credit if you do
- A list of cancellation and change policies for major airlines, hotels, and cruise operators.
Countries & Regions With Coronavirus Travel Restrictions
Due to the fast-moving nature of this situation, this does not necessarily reflect all current restrictions. Before booking international travel, refer to your destination countries’ English-language government websites for up-to-the-minute details and check the U.S. Department of State’s list of country-specific travel advisories.
Total Restrictions on Entry
Many countries have effectively ceased allowing noncitizen entry with minimal exceptions. This is not a complete list of all entry restrictions worldwide. Before traveling to another country, check with local immigration authorities to determine whether you’ll be permitted to complete your journey.
- Canada. Canada has banned entry for most foreign nationals for an indefinite period. Exemptions include immediate family members of Canadian citizens. As of March 18, the land border between Canada and the United States is closed to non-essential traffic (excepting trade).
- Argentina. Argentina banned entry of foreign nationals (excluding noncitizen permanent residents) for an indefinite period beginning on March 15.
- Chile. Chile has banned entry for foreign nationals for an indefinite period beginning on March 18.
- Peru. Peru has banned entry for foreign nationals and suspended all international flights beginning on March 16.
- Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia suspended all international flights, effectively barring noncitizen entry, beginning on March 15. Entry bans may continue even after international flights resume.
- Denmark. Denmark banned most foreign travelers without a “credible reason” to enter for an indefinite period beginning on March 14.
- European Union Member States. The European Union bans non-citizen entry, other than for essential travel, from all but 15 countries to its free-movement Schengen Area. U.S. citizens are not permitted to enter the E.U. except for essential travel.
- Turkey. Turkey has suspended all flights from most of Europe and other heavily affected countries and foreign nationals who’ve been in those countries in the prior 14 days.
- India. On March 13, 2020, India suspended the issue of all tourist visas and restricted noncitizen travel from countries with which it has reciprocal visa waivers. This ban remains in force for an indefinite period.
- Israel. Israel bans most noncitizens from entering the country, save for essential travel.
- North Korea. North Korea has suspended all noncitizen entry and, with limited exceptions, sealed its land borders with China and Russia.
- Australia. Australia has banned the entry of most noncitizens and nonresidents (other than close family members of citizens and residents) for an indefinite period beginning March 19.
- New Zealand. New Zealand has banned the entry of most noncitizens and nonresidents (other than close family members of citizens and residents) for an indefinite period beginning March 18.
- Mexico. Mexico has closed its land border with the United States to non-essential traffic, excepting freight and goods.
Quarantine Restrictions for Foreign Travelers
Many more countries mandate quarantines upon entry for noncitizen travelers — and in some cases, citizens as well. Noncitizens are typically required to pay for hotel or rental accommodations if they can’t safely quarantine with local friends or family members.
- Uzbekistan. Most foreign travelers, including U.S. nationals, must quarantine for 14 days after entering the country.
- Vietnam. Passengers arriving from certain countries affected by the pandemic, regardless of citizenship, must enter through one of two designated airports and quarantine for 14 days.
- Taiwan. Most arriving passengers must quarantine for 14 days.
- Singapore. Noncitizens who have stayed or traveled in South Korea during the past 14 days are barred from entering Singapore or transiting through its airport.
U.S. Department of State Travel Advisories
The U.S. Department of State has four travel advisory levels denoting the relative danger of travel to each country and subcountry region:
- Level 1: Exercise Normal Precautions. These are low-risk countries.
- Level 2: Exercise Increased Caution. These areas often present an elevated risk of property crime or exposure to novel illnesses not common in the U.S.
- Level 3: Reconsider Travel. Travel to these areas is unusually risky due to political instability, widespread violence, disease outbreaks, and other dangerous conditions.
- Level 4: Do Not Travel. The State Department does not advise travel to these areas, and U.S. persons already in Level-4 areas should leave as soon as possible. The State Department has little or no effective presence in some Level-4 countries.
On March 31, 2020, the State Department issued a global Level-4 travel advisory for the entire world outside the United States, effectively discouraging any international travel for the foreseeable future.
Cancellation & Change Policies for Major Airlines & Hospitality Companies
This running list of coronavirus cancellation and change policies includes major airlines and hospitality companies, many of which are waiving change fees and dispensing credit for rebookings many months into the future. Refer to each company’s website for more details and cancellation or rebooking information specific to your destination.
Airline Cancellation Policies
All major U.S. airlines and budget carriers have coronavirus-related cancellation and change policies. Unless otherwise noted, rebooked flyers must pay the fare difference between the original and new fares, if any. If you’re flying with a smaller carrier, check their website for details. Also, be aware of any airline-imposed hygiene requirements, as most major airlines now require passengers to wear masks or face coverings on flights.
American Airlines’ policy waives change fees for passengers booked before March 1, 2020, for travel between March 10 and September 30, 2020, to rebook for travel before Dec. 31, 2021. The policy applies to all airports served by American and allows changes to destination and connecting cities. Rebooked tickets remain valid at least through Dec. 31, 2021.
United Airlines’ policy waives change fees for all passengers booked before March 2, 2020, for travel between March 9 and May 31, 2020, to rebook before Dec. 31, 2020. The rebooked itinerary must begin within 24 months of the original ticket date. This policy applies to all airports served by United.
Separately, all electronic travel certificates issued for flight cancellations are now valid for 24 months from the booking date. United has not specified an end date for this policy. United also waives change fees on all new bookings for 12 months from the booking date, though this waiver will likely end at some point.
Delta’s policy waives change fees for all flights booked after March 1, 2020, and extends flight certificate validity at least through September 2022.
Alaska Airlines’ policy waives change fees for all flights to and from all airports booked on or before Feb. 26, 2020, for travel through July 31, 2020. The airline waives change fees for all flights booked from Feb. 27 to July 31, 2020, for travel up to one year from the original travel dates. In both cases, rebooked travel must commence one year from the original travel dates.
Southwest never charges change fees for rebooked travel. Travelers who cancel flights at least 10 minutes before scheduled departure receive credit equal to the fare for rebooked travel within a year of the departure date.
JetBlue’s policy waives change fees on flights booked between March 6 and July 31, 2020, for travel at any time. Rebooked travel may commence at any time (provided JetBlue has scheduled flights far enough out). Canceled flights produce a travel credit good for 24 months from the original travel date equal to the original fare.
Spirit allows passengers who change their travel plans due to coronavirus to make one free fare modification (to change the destination city or travel dates, for instance) for travel at any point in the future. Passengers who choose to cancel rather than change their flights receive travel credit equal to the original fare for use within six months of the original travel date or a full refund of the fare.
Frontier Airlines’ policy waives change fees for any booking, provided the change is made at least 60 days before the first date of travel. Later itinerary changes cost up to $119 per change.
Hawaiian Airlines offers fee-free changes for all flights to all markets. The waiver applies to all flight dates. In late March, Hawaiian canceled most long-haul flights, and out-of-state travelers remain subject to 14-day quarantines upon arrival in Hawaii. Ticketed passengers should check with the airline to confirm that their flights are still operating as scheduled and with Hawaii’s health department for the latest information on arrival restrictions.
Hotel & Resort Cancellation Policies
These major hospitality operators have coronavirus-related cancellation and change policies. If you’re staying at an independent property or with a smaller chain, refer to the operator’s website for more details.
Hilton offers cancellation policy waivers all bookings worldwide through August 31, 2020. Refundable and nonrefundable reservations are eligible.
Hilton has also extended the expiration of its Weekend Night Awards for co-branded cardholders to August 31, 2021.
Marriott waived cancellation fees for all bookings worldwide (refundable and nonrefundable) through June 30, 2020. It’s not clear whether this policy will be extended for future travel dates.
Hyatt is waiving change or cancellation fees for all bookings worldwide (refundable and nonrefundable) through July 31, 2020. Limited exceptions apply for certain Hyatt brands, including MGM Resorts.
Additionally, guests who booked advance purchase rate nonrefundable reservations directly with Hyatt (through its website or booking agents) on or before March 8, 2020, for travel through June 30, 2020, are eligible to receive 10,000 World of Hyatt points toward any eligible future booking at Hyatt properties.
InterContinental Hotels Group
InterContinental Hotels Group (IHG) has relaxed its reservation change policies indefinitely and instituted a new rate class (“Book Now, Pay Later”) that allows guests to change or cancel reservations up to 24 hours before arrival.
Choice Hotels offered fee-free cancellations to travelers booked worldwide (refundable and nonrefundable) until June 30, 2020. It’s not clear whether this policy will be extended into the future.
Additionally, Choice Hotels has paused points expiration for Choice Privileges members through at least May 31, 2020.
Airbnb is broadening its extenuating circumstances policy, which provides compensation when guests need to cancel for extraordinary reasons, to all markets it serves through July 31, 2020. Qualifying bookings must have been made prior to March 14, 2020. Bookings made after March 14, 2020, are subject to the host’s normal cancellation policy unless the guest or host is sick with COVID-19 on the scheduled check-in date.
Vrbo doesn’t have a global coronavirus cancellation policy, other than a promise to refund its Traveler Service Fee on successful cancellations. The platform encourages guests and hosts to heed travel and health warnings from the World Health Organization and work together to reach a solution when guests must cancel. Vrbo always encourages guests to purchase travel insurance.
When & How to Cancel Planned Travel for a Refund or Credit
Use these guidelines to determine whether to cancel planned travel to affected areas and how to get your money back (or credit toward future travel) if you do. If you’re still not sure whether the pandemic impacts current travel plans or if you’re not sure you’re eligible to cancel for a credit or refund, check with your carriers, hotels, or tour operators.
When to Cancel Planned Travel Due to the Coronavirus Pandemic
Seriously consider canceling planned travel due to the coronavirus pandemic if you’re a member of a high-risk group, taking high-risk travel methods, or traveling to a high-risk region. Other considerations also apply.
- You’re Planning International Travel. As the State Department’s global Level 4 warning suggests, international travel is extremely high risk in a pandemic environment, even when the destinations involved don’t appear to be hotspots. Moreover, the risk works both ways. Even if you’re healthy and relatively unlikely to become seriously ill from COVID-19, you could become a carrier and spread the disease to higher-risk people.
- You’re a Member of a High-Risk Group. That includes people over age 60 and those with underlying health conditions, such as immune system disorders, diabetes, and hypertension. The risk of serious or fatal complications of COVID-19 is much higher for these groups.
- Your Trip Includes a Cruise. Most cruise lines have ceased operations through July 2020. However, if you’re booked on a cruise later in the year, you should closely monitor developments and seriously consider rebooking for 2021 or later, especially if you’re a member of a high-risk group. Communicable diseases spread quickly on cruise ships.
- You Can Get a Refund for Any Reason. If you’re not going to be out money for canceling your planned trip, the calculus is a lot more straightforward. You can cancel altogether or rebook several months out.
- You Have “Cancel for Any Reason” Travel Insurance Coverage. Standard travel insurance policies don’t cover cancellations due to concerns about becoming sick. They only apply if you’re actually ill. More generous policies with “cancel for any reason” riders are a bit more expensive but allow you to cancel without penalty no matter what. If you were fortunate enough to purchase such a rider, now is the time to use it.
- Your Destination or Transit Countries Are Considering Travel Restrictions. You don’t want to get stranded in a foreign country due to sudden travel restrictions. Check reputable local news sources in your destination and refer to English-language government websites for signs of pending restrictions.
- Your Trip Is Not Essential. Canceling a trip abroad to visit an elderly relative you haven’t seen in years is much more difficult than canceling a destination bachelor party that’s easy to reschedule for after the wedding.
How to Cancel Planned Travel for a Refund or Credit
To get a refund or credit toward future travel if you need to cancel due to the coronavirus pandemic, you must likely rebook your flight, hotel, or tour within a period designated by its operator. Other steps could be necessary as well, including:
- Checking the Operator’s Coronavirus Rebooking Policies. Check the list of cancellation and change policies in the next section and contact each operator for information specific to your booking or destination. When operators allow fee-free changes and rebookings, you could end up paying nothing out of pocket to reschedule.
- Determining Whether You Can Cancel Without Penalty. If you prefer to cancel without rebooking, read each pertinent travel company’s cancellation policy. Unless you purchased a nonrefundable booking to get a lower rate, there’s a good chance your hotel or resort will allow you to cancel without penalty up to a week before your arrival (and sometimes even closer). If you’ve booked a short-term homestay through Airbnb or another rental platform, your host’s cancellation policy usually determines how much of your booking you can recoup, with options ranging from a full refund to total forfeiture. However, Airbnb has broadened its extenuating circumstances policy, which makes exceptions to host cancellation policies in times of crisis, for the countries hardest hit by the pandemic. Most airline bookings are nonrefundable after 24 hours, though you can pay more for a refundable fare if you’ve yet to book. Without a protection policy, which adds to the cost of the voyage, cruise fares generally aren’t refundable — but many cruise lines are making exceptions during the pandemic.
- Buying Travel Insurance. If you booked less than three weeks ago, you could still be eligible to purchase “Cancel for Any Reason” insurance that’s valid for your trip. Policies vary by insurance carrier, but it’s worth a shot. You’ll be out the one-time insurance premium but not the full cost of your nonrefundable travel.
- Calling Customer Service to Ask for a Refund. Expect to sit on hold for longer than usual, but the effort could be worth it. Even if your booking is nonrefundable, extenuating circumstances could curry favor with the rep you speak with (or their manager). For instance, if you’re flying with an elderly relative at high risk for COVID-19 complications, your decision to travel could literally have life-or-death implications.
- Rebooking Within the Allotted Time Frame. If you can’t cancel your reservation for a cash refund, learn how long your rebooking credit remains in effect. Most airlines allow fee-free rebookings (less the difference in fare, if any) through late 2020 or early 2021.
The coronavirus pandemic is the most serious public health challenge caused by a communicable respiratory disease in living memory. Without aggressive, concerted action by governments, private corporations, and nongovernment organizations across the globe, it could come to rival or exceed the Spanish flu crisis of 1918 to 1919 — the benchmark by which we judge all other modern pandemics — in its toll.
We all need to do our part to slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus and protect the most vulnerable among us. If that means canceling the international vacation you’ve been looking forward to for years, so be it.
Are your travel plans affected by the coronavirus pandemic? What are you doing in response?