Food safety is defined as the study of food preparation and handling before, during, or after processing to reduce the probability of food-related illness and death.
Food handlers and consumers who have a weak or compromised immune system are vulnerable to illnesses caused by food-borne pathogens. As a result, infections can prove to be deadly. Thus, the need for efficient food safety measures is very high. In fact, there are companies that have made it a point to educate people regarding this subject. They do their best to ensure that food handlers, or consumers and their families, are not at risk of falling victim to sicknesses due to exposure to food-borne pathogens.
There are many resources such as FoodSharkMarfa that have written several guides in order to educate the average consumer in food safety. Some of these measures, which have also been adopted by the government, include mandatory health checks, health awareness programs among the food handlers and workers, and strict restrictions on the use of personal protective equipment. These have all been accepted modifications to prevent such dangerous infections. For any new cooks reading, enclosed are four basic food tips to keep your food and kitchen safe.
Washing your hands should be the first rule of every cook, whether you’re new or seasoned.
There are so many germs that hands carry that it’s very easy to transfer them onto the food. Before touching any food whatsoever, always wash your hands thoroughly. This means that for at least 20 seconds, make sure you lather your fingers, the back and front of your hands, under your fingernails, and up your arms. This ensures no unwanted bacteria will touch your food. If, for any reason, you touch your face or any other part of your body while preparing your meal, wash your hands again. If you use the bathroom, wash your hands again, twice, and dry them with a clean towel.
It may be virtually impossible to keep away all germs, but frequently washing your hands will help limit any kinds of bacteria from contaminating the food and spreading any kind of virus. Remember, contamination can come from anywhere. It’s best to be safe than sorry.
2. Clean All Your Dishes And Utensils
Secondly, you should always wash all of your dirty dishes and utensils thoroughly after handling them. By doing this, you will prevent any sort of bacteria from spreading between the utensils or the plates. Bacteria can become stuck in the crevices of every fork, knife edge, or spoon handle. You can sanitize dishes by using a water solution of one cup of bleach per dish or by using a solution of one-half cup of bleach per quart of water.
For more thorough cleaning, it is also possible to wash and rinse utensils with a solution of one-part bleach per five parts of water. This is important to keep you and your family safe from possible food poisoning. Pay attention to whatever dish soap you use in your kitchen. Make sure it has the cleaning power you need to get the job done proficiently.
3. Clean All Surfaces That Touch Food Regularly
Besides thoroughly washing your dishes, always clean the tableware as well as your kitchen doors, cabinets, and drawers before using them to store food or anything else. Cleaning up after yourself is a very important tip. Don’t leave anything behind from last night’s dinner or lunch. Make sure to also get rid of the trash.
Sanitize any surface that came into contact with food or garbage. This should become a daily ritual for any cook in order to keep the bad bacteria and viruses from corroding your food or kitchen. Keep in mind that there are some types of viruses and germs that are able to thrive and reproduce with particular types of food, such as raw meats. Sanitizing the surfaces they’ve touched helps tremendously in keeping sickness away from your family and friends.
4. Keep Your Food Separated
There are certain kinds of food that need to be kept separated because putting them together causes cross-contamination. Foods like raw chicken, beef or seafood can easily spread their germs to any ready-to-eat foods, so they must remain apart from one another. This means placing your raw foods separate from any ready-to-eat foods in the refrigerator.
Even while grocery shopping, these kinds of foods should be separated, too. Also make sure that there are different cutting boards for your meats and vegetables. They should never be cut on the same board for health reasons. Eggs should also be kept apart from other foods in the fridge. This is why they come in their own containers, or in that special compartment by the door.
Most people know that a lot of the illnesses caused by food handlers or workers happen because of contaminated food. However, few people are aware that food-borne illnesses can also be caused by food that they prepare or handle themselves. The most common illnesses that occur due to food are salmonella, listeria, e-coli, cholera, dysentery, typhoid fever, etc.
These illnesses can be fatal unless immediately treated. People of all ages can become infected when they come into direct contact with contaminated food materials, or if the food itself is already contaminated. Some good ways to prevent this is to follow food safety guidelines by washing your hands and dishes, and frequently sanitizing.